What makes Turkish coffee so strong?
Most people think that the darker the coffee is the stronger the caffeine will be. However, it is completely the opposite. Roasting process kills caffeine and the darker the roast is the less caffeine it has. Incidentally, darker the coffee less the skill required for roasting. On the other hand, Turkish coffee is always roasted as light or medium roast. There is a reason for this (cont.)
Why does Turkish coffee taste so good?
Coffee is as complex as wine for about a week to 10 days after itís been roasted. After that it oxidizes and decays and becomes stale. Turkish coffee method is the only method where coffee is re-roasted during the brewing process. This is because coffee is not filtered and is cooked directly over the heat source. In addition grounds are like a powder for greater extraction.
What makes Turkish ground so different?
It is ground to a powder. Just to give you an idea a single coffee bean yields about 45,000 particles when ground to a Turkish. In compresence Espresso grind yields 3,000 particles and the drip coffee 100 particles. Thus, no other method can extract as much flavor from a coffee bean.
Why call it Turkish coffee?
Here are the 35 countries of today that were part of the Ottoman Empire for 600 years:
Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, Eritrea, Greece, Georgia, Hungary, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kosovo, Kuwait, Libya, Macedonia, Montenegro, Oman, Palestine (West Bank & Gaza), Qatar, Romania, Serbia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Syria, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey, UAE, Ukraine, Yemen.
Why you should not call Turkish pot an "ibrik"
There are primarily two names for a Turkish coffee pot:
- Cezve (and variations like dzezve, jazzve, gjezve, xhezve). Used in the Balkans, Russia and the Middle East.
- Ibrik or ibriki. Used in Greece and the English speaking countries.
The correct name is "cezve"; pronounced "jezzve" and there are several reasons for this. To start out with ibrik is a type of ewer: a type of pitcher or jug that is shaped like a vase and that was used in the past for holding water.
It is a Persian word and comes from (‚-briz) and means sewer, latrine, watershed. "Ibrik" is the Ottoman Turkish pronunciation of this word.
The word also means "toilet" in Persian. Incidentally, there is an ibrik in every toilet in the Middle East (I'll let your imagination decide what it's used for!).
On the other hand, the name "cezve" is of Arabic origin, but the spelling is derived from the Ottoman Turkish spelling in Arabic script. Based on the Arabic meaning, "cezve" refers to a cooking pot used on burning log, ashes or sand. This is why it is the correct name.
However, I also am perfectly okay with calling it a "Turkish coffee pot". It's the pot that is used to make Turkish coffee.
Here is what an ibrik looks like, and you cannot use it to make Turkish coffee:
Here is an ibrik that is used in the ME toilets (plastic version):
I think people should know the correct name for the Turkish coffee pot.